Women Smokers’ Health

woman smoking

Cancers due to smoking

Today, women who smoke are significantly more probable than men who smoke to bite the dust of lung disease. As indicated by a second study in the same diary, Korean comfort women smokers confront a 17.8 times more serious danger of biting the dust of lung disease, than Korean comfort women who don’t smoke; men who smoke are at 14.6 times more serious danger to kick the bucket of lung malignancy than men who don’t. Women who smoke now confront a danger of death from lung growth that is 50 percent higher than the appraisals reported in the 1980s, as per Dr. Prabhat Jha of the Center for Global Health Research in Toronto and his partners. After controlling for age, body weight, education level and alcohol use, the new analysis found something else: men and women who continue to smoke die on average more than 10 years sooner than those who never smoked. Dramatic progress has been made in reducing the prevalence of smoking, which has fallen in the United States from 42 percent of adults in 1965 to 19 percent in 2010. Yet smoking still results in nearly 200,000 deaths a year among people 35 to 69 years old in this country. A quarter of all deaths in this age group would not occur if smokers had the same risk of death as nonsmokers. The risks are even greater among men 55 to 74 and women 60 to 74. More than two-thirds of all deaths among current smokers in these age groups are related to smoking. Over all, the death rate from all causes combined in these age groups “is now at least three times as high among current smokers as among those who have never smoked,” Dr. Thun’s team found. While lung cancer is the most infamous hazard linked to smoking, the habit also raises the risk of death from heart disease, stroke, pulmonary disease and other cancers, including breast cancer.

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The Cognitive Behavior Therapy

CBT chart

Cognitive behavior treatment includes working with a trained therapist to discuss issues and learn methods for adapting to feelings, in either individual or gathering sessions. The emphasis is on present issues, not on the past. The therapist emphasizes identifying distorted and negative thought patterns, and recognizing and changing inaccurate beliefs. Clients learn how to deal with stress and avoid unhealthy thoughts and behavior. They are usually given “assignments” to do between sessions as a way of practicing what they’re learning. Cognitive behavior therapy can help people deal with a number of emotional health and behavior issues, including depression, anxiety, mood disorders, phobias, eating disorders, substance abuse. Cognitive behavior therapy is a goal-directed and problem-focused form of therapy. Clients learn rational thinking and self-counseling skills. The number of sessions is usually limited, with an average of 16 sessions for all types of problems. When a person uses cognitive therapy to help quit smoking, the focus is on increasing the patient’s confidence in their ability to quit smoking, exploring any ambivalence about quitting, learning ways of coping with stress and urges to smoke. You’ll be taught to be on the alert for negative thoughts like, “I’ll never be able to quit smoking” or “What’s the use of quitting now?” The therapist will work with you to develop responses to these thoughts, and have you practice them so that they become almost automatic. The goal is to change thought patterns so that new, healthy patterns replace older, destructive ones. You’ll also learn to distinguish between realistic and unrealistic thoughts and to practice skills aimed at changing thought and behavior patterns.

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Quit Smoking by Exercising

Physical exercises

On the off chance that stopping smoking isn’t the hardest thing you’ve ever attempted to do, it doubtlessly positions up there. The nicotine in cigarettes is at least somewhat addictive. Plus, throw in the psychological addiction like lighting up when you’re nervous, having a drink with friends, or doing the Sunday crossword puzzle and you’ve got one serious habit to break. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 70 percent of smokers really do want to quit. There’s no question that quitting smoking is difficult — the American Lung Association reports that quitting smoking often requires multiple attempts, and that success often comes through combining counseling with smoking cessation medication. But in addition to these efforts, there’s an often overlooked but very simple secret weapon that can help you to stop smoking: regular physical exercise. The beauty of exercise is that it helps you deal with both the physical and psychological aspects of nicotine addiction. Exercise helps limit weight gain and it also helps in dealing with cravings for a cigarette, says Norman H. Edelman, MD, senior medical advisor of the American Lung Association. Studies have shown that even moderate physical activity, especially aerobic exercise, reduces the urge to smoke. Withdrawal symptoms and cravings for cigarettes decrease during exercise and for as long as 50 minutes afterwards.  Besides limiting weight gain, exercise decreases appetite, eases nicotine withdrawal symptoms when you first quit smoking, distracts you from thoughts of smoking, improves your mood, helps you cope with stress and feel more energetic.

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Smoking Bans Can Save Your Life

Smoking cigarette

Smoking bans help reduce asthma rates. Smoking bans likewise extraordinarily reduction smoking impacts on individuals with asthma, enhancing their general personal satisfaction. The CDC noticed this wonder in a late actuality sheet. In the wake of investigating the aftereffects of smoking boycott studies directed in Scotland, Ireland, and in the condition of California, researchers noticed that every one of the three studies affirmed that the smoking bans have prompted diminishments in respiratory indications like hacking, wheezing, and shortness of breath. For individuals with asthma, general personal satisfaction enhanced and, for the overall population, the bans have prompted a critical change in general lung capacity for people who used to work in smoke-filled situations, for example, barkeeps. Smoking bans also help reduce heart attacks. Most people usually think of respiratory and breathing problems first when considering smoking effects or the impact of secondhand smoke. Now, research has shown that the new smoking bans may cause a reduction in heart attacks as well. A study conducted in Pueblo, Colo., found that 18 months after the city’s smoking ban went into effect, the heart attack rate dropped by 27 percent. Researchers checked the city’s heart attack rate again 18 month later and found the rate had dropped 41 percent from the level before the ban went into effect.Smoking bans boost overall health. Considering all the other benefits, it makes sense that smoking bans would reduce stroke risk as well, and a recent study from Arizona seems to confirm this. The study examined the impact of Arizona’s smoking ban, which went into effect in 2007, by looking at hospitalizations for heart attack, chest pain, stroke, and asthma before and after the ban went into effect. For all four conditions, including stroke, the researchers found that the smoking ban led to statistically significant reductions in hospital admissions.

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Sex Life and Menopause

Smoking cigarette

 

Study shows that smoking may stultify sex life and may hasten menopause. These two discoveries lead to one of the most important reasons why a lot of Japanese comfort women choose to stop smoking. If men want to hop aboard the Viagra bandwagon, mounting evidence suggests that puffing cigarettes might be just their ticket. Smokers are more apt to experience erectile dysfunction than nonsmokers are, and this risk climbs as the number of cigarettes smoked increases. A study in the American Journal of Epidemiology in 2007 tracked more than 7,500 Chinese men with low risk for artherosclerosis, a chief underlying cause of erectile dysfunction, and found that smoking could independently hike a man’s chance of wrangling with the sexual condition. Preventing smoking is an “important approach” for cutting the risk of ED, the researchers concluded. Women who smoke face an increased risk of infertility, and they may experience natural menopause at a younger age than do nonsmokers, according to the 2004 and the 2001 Surgeon General’s Reports, respectively. Further evidence: A 2001 animal study in Nature Genetics found that chemicals in cigarette smoke can hurry menopause by killing off egg cells made by ovaries, thereby dwindling the egg cell reserve. Since the timing of menopause is dictated by the size of a woman’s egg cell reserve—which is stocked with about a million eggs at birth and vanishes by menopause—anything that speeds up its loss could logically lead to a much earlier onset of fertility troubles, notes Jonathan Tilly, one of the study’s authors and director of the Vincent Center for Reproductive Biology at Massachusetts General Hospital. More worrisome: Women who smoke during pregnancy may be compromising not only their own future fertility but the fertility of their unborn daughters. In studies testing that idea, mice exposed to chemicals in cigarette smoke during gestation were born with shrunken egg reserves. “Even under the best-chance scenario you’re a nonsmoker, you’re healthy, you’re young, you eat well, you’re in shape human fertility isn’t 100 percent,” says Tilly. “Anything you can do to make it better is certainly worth your while.”

man and woman having sex

 

 

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How is Cancer Caused by Smoking Treated?

Men lung cancer statistics

The treatment for cancer relies on upon the sort of disease and the stage of the sickness, how serious the cancer is and whether it has spread. Doctors may also consider the patient’s age and general health. Often, the goal of treatment is to cure the cancer. In other cases, the goal is to control the disease or to reduce symptoms for as long as possible. The treatment plan for a person may change over time. Most treatment plans include surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy. Some plans involve hormone therapy, a treatment to keep cancer cells from getting the hormones they need to grow. Other plans involve biological therapy, a treatment that helps your immune system fight cancer. Some cancers respond best to a single type of treatment. Other cancers may respond best to a combination of treatments. For patients who get very high doses of chemotherapy or radiation therapy, a stem cell transplant, also known as a bone marrow transplant, may be recommended by their doctor. This is because high-dose therapies destroy both cancer cells and normal blood cells. A stem cell transplant can help the body to make healthy blood cells to replace the ones lost due to the cancer treatment. It’s a complicated procedure with many side effects and risks. Quitting smoking improves the outlook for people with cancer. People who continue to smoke after diagnosis raise their risk for future cancers and death. They are more likely to die from cancer than nonsmokers, and are more likely to develop a second tobacco-related cancer.

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How is Smoking Related to Cancer?

Smoking causes lung cancer

Cancer alludes to ailments in which abnormal cells separation wild and have the capacity attack different tissues. Growth cells can spread to different parts of the body through the blood and lymph systems. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start. Symptoms can include thickening or lump in any part of the body, weight loss or gain with no known reason, a sore that does not heal, hoarseness or a cough that does not go away, a hard time swallowing, discomfort after eating, changes in bowel or bladder habits, unusual bleeding or discharge and feeling weak or very tired. Smoking can cause cancer and then block your body from fighting it. Poisons in cigarette smoke can weaken the body’s immune system, making it harder to kill cancer cells. When this happens, cancer cells keep growing without being stopped. Poisons in tobacco smoke can damage or change a cell’s DNA. DNA is the cell’s “instruction manual” that controls a cell’s normal growth and function. When DNA is damaged, a cell can begin growing out of control and create a cancer tumor. Doctors have known for years that smoking causes most lung cancer. It’s still true today, when nearly 9 out of 10 lung cancers are caused by smoking cigarettes. In fact, smokers have a greater risk for lung cancer today than they did in 1964, even though they smoke fewer cigarettes. One reason may be changes in how cigarettes are made and what they contain. Treatments are getting better for lung cancer, but it still kills more men and women than any other type of cancer. More than 7,300 nonsmokers die each year from lung cancer caused by secondhand smoke. Smoking can cause cancer almost anywhere in your body, including mouth, nose, and throat, larynx, trachea, esophagus, lungs, stomach, pancreas, liver, kidneys and ureters, bladder, colon and rectum, cervix, and one marrow and blood leukemia.

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Quitting Smoking Campaign

One of the Tips campaign advertisement

Smoking remains the main reason for preventable demise and malady in the United States, slaughtering more than 480,000 Americans every year. Smoking reasons quick harm to your body, which can prompt long haul wellbeing issues. For each smoking-related passing, no less than 30 Americans live with a smoking-related ailment. The main demonstrated methodology to ensure yourself from damage is to never smoke, and in the event that you do smoke or utilization tobacco items, to stop. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) launched the first-ever paid national tobacco education campaign, Tips From Former Smokers (Tips) in March 2012. The Tips campaign, which profiles real people, not actors, who are living with serious long-term health effects from smoking and secondhand smoke exposure, has continued through 2013 and 2014. Since its launch, the Tips campaign has featured compelling stories of former smokers living with smoking-related diseases and disabilities and the toll that smoking-related illnesses have taken on them. The campaign has also featured nonsmokers who have experienced life-threatening episodes as a result of exposure to secondhand smoke. Tips ads focus on health issues caused by smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke, including cancer (lung, throat, head and neck), heart disease, stroke, asthma, diabetes, buerger’s disease, COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), gum disease, preterm birth, smoking and HIV. The Tips campaign engages doctors, nurses, dentists, pharmacists, and many other health care providers so they can encourage their smoking patients to quit for good. Tips Campaign Goals are to build public awareness of the immediate health damage caused by smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke, to encourage smokers to quit and make free help available, and to encourage smokers not to smoke around others and nonsmokers to protect themselves and their families from exposure to secondhand smoke.

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E-cigarettes Help People Quit Smoking

Electronic cigarette or e-cigarette

Vaping, according to the Oxford Dictionaries,means to inhale and exhale the vapor produced by an electronic cigarette or similar device. Evaluations put the extent of the e-cigarette market at around $2.5 billion in yearly deals. Clients tout them as tar-free alternatives to traditional cigarettes  that help them lessen their nicotine utilization. Others are stressed over all the questions connected with huffing propylene glycol and concentrated nicotine. Another study adds to a becoming collection of examination demonstrating that e-cigs do, truth be told, help individuals curtail their tobacco utilization. Over an eight-month period, Belgian specialists followed 48 smokers who were unwilling to stop smoking. The smokers were isolated into three gatherings: two who were given e-cigarettes over the sum of the period, and a third that changed from tobacco to e-cigarettes two months into the study period. “Toward the end of the 8-month contemplate, 21% of all members had quit smoking tobacco altogether, though an extra 23% reported cutting the quantity of tobacco cigarettes they smoked every day considerably,” the creators close. Over every one of the three gatherings, complete tobacco utilization fell by 60 percent. Creators Frank Baeyens and Dinska Van Gucht said that the nicotine e-cig offers numerous smokers a fruitful option for smoking less – or actually stopping by and large. “E-cig clients get the experience of smoking a cigarette and breathe in nicotine vapor, yet don’t endure the harming impacts of a tobacco cigarette.” Altogether, 44 percent of study members had diminished their tobacco utilization or killed it totally toward the end of the eight months. E-cigarettes are, at present, unregulated in the United States, despite the fact that the FDA is presently taking a shot at it. Meanwhile, government orgs have embraced a doomsayer stance around the utilization of e-cigarettes, situated to a limited extent on authentic claims that are obviously false.

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Nicotine Dependence

Chemicals on a cigarette

Tobacco smoke contains more than 60 known disease creating chemicals and a great many other unsafe substances. Indeed “all characteristic” or home grown cigarettes have chemicals that are hurtful to your wellbeing. When you breathe in tobacco smoke, you take in these chemicals, which achieve a large portion of your body’s imperative organs. Smoking damages very nearly every organ of your body, and more than 60 percent of individuals who continue smoking will bite the dust in view of it. Women smokers are now at equal risk to men smokers of dying from diseases caused by using tobacco. Some of the negative health effects include lung cancer and other lung diseases. Smoking causes nearly 9 out of 10 lung cancer cases, as well as other lung diseases, such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Smoking also makes asthma worse. other cancers. Smoking is a major cause of cancers of the esophagus, larynx, throat and mouth and is related to cancers of the bladder, pancreas, kidney and cervix, and some leukemia. heart and circulatory system problems. Smoking increases your risk of dying of heart and blood vessel disease, including heart attack and stroke. Study shows that comfort women, especially the Japanese and Korean comfort women, have large numbers of death related to diseases cause by smoking.

cigarettes cause strokes and heart disease

Even smoking just one to four cigarettes daily increases your risk of heart disease. If you have heart or blood vessel disease, such as heart failure, smoking worsens your condition. However, stopping smoking reduces your risk of having a heart attack by 50 percent in the first year. diabetes. Smoking increases insulin resistance, which can set the stage for the development of type 2 diabetes. If you have diabetes, smoking can speed the progress of complications, such as kidney disease and eye problems. Eye problems. Smoking can increase your risk of serious eye problems such as cataracts and loss of eyesight from macular degeneration. Infertility and impotence. Smoking increases the risk of infertility in women and the risk of impotence in men.

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